Mental health issues and behavioral disorders can be challenging both for the person with the disorder and for those who love, care about, and/or are dependent upon the sufferer.
Mental health and behavioral disorders can disrupt virtually every aspect of a person’s life, with repercussions that can resonate throughout families, workplaces, and social circles. Disorders can make it difficult if not downright impossible for people to be effective parents or partners, while diseases such as eating disorders and depression disorders can overwhelm an individual’s ability to function altogether.
Misconceptions Preventing Help
Complicating the matter even further, though awareness and understanding about the different types of disorders have increased significantly in recent decades, wrong perceptions continue to prevent many people from getting the help they need. Whether due to shame, a belief that mental health problems aren’t “real” illnesses, or fear that no treatment can help, too many people and families have suffered too long.
Types of Disorders
The following is a list of the different types of disorders:
- Anxiety Disorder
- Panic Disorder
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
- Bipolar Disorder
- Eating Disorders
- Depression Disorders
- Co-Occurring Disorders
- Behavioral Disorders
- Mood Disorders
- Social Anxiety Disorder
- The Good News
The good news is that for the vast majority of the most common types of disorders, both mental health and behavioral, help is both available and effective. Of course, treatment and recovery depend upon a number of factors unique to the individual client — but decades of developments in the field of behavioral health care have yielded a wide range of successes.
For some patients, traditional therapy and/or medication can resolve the issues. In other cases, more innovative and intensive treatment modalities are called for. But regardless of the circumstances that bring a person into treatment, productive collaboration among qualified professionals and a dedicated client have the potential to make life-altering improvements in the lives of the patient and his or her loved ones.
However, recovery can’t take place until the patient is assessed, the disorders are identified, and an effective comprehensive treatment plan is put into place.
Symptoms & Types
It’s not uncommon for people to use the word “mood” when describing happiness, sadness, grumpiness, and related temporary emotional states. (For example, “I had a great date last night, and I’ve been in a good mood all day!” or “Don’t ask the boss for a raise today — he’s been a bad mood ever since they took his reserved parking spot away.”)
What are mood disorders? In mental health terms, the phrase, “mood disorder,” has a specific meaning that transcends temporary moments of joy or sorrow. In a clinical setting a mood disorder refers to persistent emotional states that have significant influence over the way a person views and interacts with the world.
When a person descends into depression or elevates into mania, he or she is said to have a mood disorder. Again, it is important to understand that short-term feelings of happiness, sadness, fear, worry, and other common human emotions do not signal the presence of a mood disorder. It is only when a person’s state of mind becomes so acute that it impairs his or her ability to think or act clearly that a mood disorder diagnosis may be called for.
The following are types of mood disorders, and related conditions. Select the disorder of interest below to learn more about the symptoms of that particular type of mood disorder:
- Anxiety Disorder – a range of disorders where the main feature is exaggerated anxiety.
- Bipolar Disorder – has symptoms that include an alternating pattern of emotional highs/mania and emotional lows/depression.
- Depression – a series of two or more major depressive episodes, which manifest in continuing irritability or inability to get along with others.
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) – recurrent and persistent obsessions or compulsions that are time consuming or that cause marked distress or significant impairment.
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) – symptoms can develop following exposure to an extremely traumatic event or series of events or witnessing or learning about a death. Selective Mutism – occurs when an individual persistently fails to speak in specific social situations where speaking is expected.
- Social Anxiety Disorder – characterized by intense fear in social situations causing distress and impaired ability to function in some parts of daily life.
About Mood Disorders
At Sierra Tucson, mood disorder patients are treated within our Mood and Anxiety Program (MAP). Mood and anxiety treatment at Sierra Tucson is guided by the principles established in the Sierra Model®, which provides an integrated bio-psycho-social-spiritual foundation for holistic, patient-focused care.
The following types of therapies have proved to be effective in the treatment of patients with a mood disorder including depression, bipolar disorder, panic, anxiety, and related conditions:
- Individual, group, and family therapy
- Psychoeducational classes and lectures
- Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
- Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
- Integrative therapies
- Skills Training
- Medication Management