It’s not uncommon for people to use the word “mood” when describing happiness, sadness, grumpiness, and related temporary emotional states. (For example, “I had a great date last night, and I’ve been in a good mood all day!” or “Don’t ask the boss for a raise today — he’s been a bad mood ever since they took his reserved parking spot away.”)
What are mood disorders? In mental health terms, the phrase, “mood disorder,” has a specific meaning that transcends temporary moments of joy or sorrow. In a clinical setting a mood disorder refers to persistent emotional states that have significant influence over the way a person views and interacts with the world.
When a person descends into depression or elevates into mania, he or she is said to have a mood disorder. Again, it is important to understand that short-term feelings of happiness, sadness, fear, worry, and other common human emotions do not signal the presence of a mood disorder. It is only when a person’s state of mind becomes so acute that it impairs his or her ability to think or act clearly that a mood disorder diagnosis may be called for.
The following are types of mood disorders, and related conditions. Select the disorder of interest below to learn more about the symptoms of that particular type of mood disorder:
Anxiety Disorder – a range of disorders where the main feature is exaggerated anxiety.
Bipolar Disorder – has symptoms that include an alternating pattern of emotional highs/mania and emotional lows/depression.
Depression – a series of two or more major depressive episodes, which manifest in continuing irritability or inability to get along with others.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) – recurrent and persistent obsessions or compulsions that are time consuming or that cause marked distress or significant impairment.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) – symptoms can develop following exposure to an extremely traumatic event or series of events or witnessing or learning about a death. Selective Mutism – occurs when an individual persistently fails to speak in specific social situations where speaking is expected.
Social Anxiety Disorder – characterized by intense fear in social situations causing distress and impaired ability to function in some parts of daily life.
At Sierra Tucson, mood disorder patients are treated within our Mood and Anxiety Program (MAP). Mood and anxiety treatment at Sierra Tucson is guided by the principles established in the Sierra Model®, which provides an integrated bio-psycho-social-spiritual foundation for holistic, patient-focused care.
The following types of therapies have proved to be effective in the treatment of patients with a mood disorder including depression, bipolar disorder, panic, anxiety, and related conditions: